The incidence and prevalence rates of diabetes in america may be leveling off after doubling between 1990 and 2008, researchers in the Cdc and Prevention (CDC) reported Tuesday within the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
Linda Geiss from the CDC’s Atlanta chapter and her colleagues reviewed data from 1980 through 2012 for pretty much 665,000 adults between the ages of 20 and 79, and used that information to look for the annual percentage alternation in rates of the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed diabetes (type 1 and kind 2 combined).
According to USA Today’s Kim Painter, a total of 8.3 percent of adults had been identified as having diabetes by 2012. However, the rates at which new diagnoses are accumulating and the overall number of cases rising have slowed recently C findings that the study co-author and CDC diabetes expert Dr. Ann Albright called surprising and inspiring.
The researchers think that the popularity might be associated with a current slowing in obesity rates, explained MedPage Today staff writer Kristina Fiore. However, this news wasn’t all good, as the researchers discovered that incidences continue to grow within the Hispanic and black populations, which prevalence rates were still rising among those rich in school education or less, she added.
In addition to the obesity epidemic, the aging of the population and the growing number of at-risk populations were also found to experience a job within the doubling disease rates experienced between 1990 and 2008, Betsy McKay of the Wall Street Journal explained.
The disease “has be a major driver of health-care expenditures within the U.S., accounting for approximately $245 billion in indirect and direct medical costs this year, the most recent year available,” she added. Dr. Albright told McKay that although the numbers were encouraging, the number of people with diabetes was still on the rise C although the rates are leveling off C which was too soon to state the tide had turned in relation to its the disease.
In an argument, the research authors reported that diabetes prevalence per 100 persons was 3.5 in 1990, 7.9 in 2008, and eight.3 in 2012. The incidence per 1,000 persons was 3.2 in 1990, 8.8 in 2008, and seven.One in 2012. Both prevalence and incidence increased sharply from 1990 through 2008 (4.5 percent for prevalence, 4.7 percent for incidence) before leveling off with no significant change from 2008 through 2012, they added.
“The report reflects only diagnosed cases,” Painter said. “A previous CDC report said 8 million from the nation’s 29 million people with diabetes have not been diagnosed. An additional 86 million adults are believed to possess pre-diabetes C glucose levels high enough to become worrisome although not high enough to become called diabetes. Together, those groups add up to about half people adults.”
Robert Ratner, chief scientific and medical officer of the American Diabetes Association, told USA Today the findings of the new study should be interpreted “with caution” and that some other studies have suggested that the diabetes epidemic isn’t reducing at all. Regardless, Ratner added that slowing down the incidence and prevalence of the disease wasn’t enough. “We have to start preventing diabetes,” he said. We need to stop it.”